We have selected forest
coffee land, belong to farmers in Sokokembang village, to study about shade
grown coffee in the Javan gibbon habitat, as based line data for further
management of shadegrown coffee in Sokokembang. This year we have initial
agreement with four farmers which have 3
ha approximately of forest coffee, to learn about shade grown coffee and trying
to develop sustainable way of coffee production. Biodiversity study on shade
grown coffee also have been started based on selected taxa. We use camera trap
for small mammals study and butterfly
diversity in the shade grown coffee habitat. Study on vegetation also more
intense on shade trees that frequently used by the javan gibbon and othe
primates as food resources
Javan slow loris
(Nycticebus javanicus) or Kukang, is
one of the 25 most endangered primates in the world. This nocturnal primate is threatened by
hunting and habitat loss. In the whole island of Java, their record
distribution mentioned in west java and east java. We have tried also to conduct
night survey in central java, province, to provide latest information on the
existence of Kukang, while doing diurnal primate survey (to update distribution
of javanese primate, Javan gibbon, Javan surili, and Javan ebony langur/Lutung).
Some priorities area for night survey was determined by interview of people
nearby the forest. If they mentioned good information on Kukang sighting we do
apply night survey in certain distance.
Our field work
was finally found good result, first sighting of wild Kukang is in 18 December 2013.
We have got Kukang caught by a farmer in
Temanggung district, we got the photos from the wild and soon released in to
their habitat. Based on this finding in 2014 we conduct more intensive survey,
during September – October 2014, and the result is at least eight (8) individual were sighted.
conservation activities is urgently needed to preserve this wild population.
Kukang habitat is remaining in the coffee plantation with high pressure of human
activities, including wild animal hunting and logging. The area is also far
away from the conservation area system. Supporting local community to protect and
enhance their knowledge on the important
value forest and Kukang population is critically important to do.